labor · Marx · merchant · the poverty of philosophy

Karl Marx – 11 – The Poverty of Philosophy Pt 2


In 17th Century the population of UK is 15 million and productive population is 3 million. The productive population ratio shows there is about 12 million individuals more. In 18th century UK’s population is about 30 million and productive population is about 6 million. English society acquires about 2700 percent of productivity which equals for 70 years.
What is the collective wealth or public fortune? English workers think if the markets do well, they will get better economy. None was sure about improving the economy for the workers. Marx believed that Industrial movements will provide new industrial products. While talking about slavery, without slavery in Brazil and North America, there will be no development started in those countries.
Industrialists making labors to increase the production and upsurging the commerce. Labors continuing with their struggle, sufferings, regarding themselves as such experiences.
Poverty immediately born when their childbirth. Modern day of labor division is meticulously designed by the employer. Like patriarchal, caste and corporation, there is a division of labor in the society it had their own rules to follow. The peasants who drive the country in 17 and 18th century found workshop gives more opportunity. Friendly agreements bought them to workshop culture. Merchant become the head of the modern day workshop and not the master of workshop. There was a huge struggle in manufacture and crafts.
Many manufacturing units and crafts are brought into one place, in one room under the command of capitalists. They had adapted special worker for simple works. Tools and machines are introduced. Instruments labors are inseparable, this bought huge demand with labor. Their own agricultural products are kept into the machines to manufacture the products. Later farm lands are owned by the Merchants then peasants use to pay the rent for farm lands.

Merchants found the labor wages are increase in the price of the product, which affects their profits. To lower the price of goods, they can’t approach the fixed capital, but they didn’t rise the price of wages and cannot be transitory. This brought poverty to the labor and his family. (End)

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