aayog · central · chief · minister · Nehru · niti

NITI Aayog a new Think Tank


India has centralized government, were Prime Minister and
Parliament enjoyed centralized powers. Then came provincial governments now it’s
called as state governments, Chief minister of the state heading the government
for the state where the Governor as the representative of Central government.
Gandhiji voted for decentralized government where villages can resolve their
own issues, we had local panchayats and municipalities in cities. Still Central
government owing the major minerals and public sectors in their bucket. In USA,
government getting the powers from States, but in India, states are getting
their directives from Central government of India. 
Planning commissions’
setup and directed the financial allocations within the limits of state
government. But recently states like Tamilnadu, West Bengal & Uttar
Pradesh., earlier Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat & Karnataka working on their own,
with or without directives of government, they run their government and showed
their regional superiority to the other states. They utilized their own
resources and showoff the power of regional parties. 
Recent NITI Aayog
(National Institution of Transforming India), made end of Nehruvian’s socialist
economy. Joseph Stalin brought the five year plan to develop the Industrialization
of Soviet Union. Nehru thought of bringing agrarian development and brought
Planning commission in 1950. This will shed the light on State issues and bridging the Central and State Government.  Main objectives of NITI aayog are economic development,
ecological maintenance, skill development, entrepreneurial support, mixed
agricultural production etc.,
NITI Aayog vs Planning Commission
Parameter
NITI Aayog
Planning Commission
Financial clout
To be an advisory body, or a think-tank. The powers to
allocate fund vested in the finance ministry.
Enjoyed the powers to allocate funds to ministries and state
governments
Full-time members
Two full-time members.
Had eight full-time members
States’ role
 Includes the Chief Ministers of all States and the
Lieutenant Governors of all Union territories in its Governing Council,
devolving more power to the States of the Union
States’ role was limited to the National Development Council
and annual interaction during Plan meetings
Member secretary
To be known as the CEO and to be appointed by the prime
minister
Secretaries or member secretaries were appointed through the
usual process
Part-time members
To have a number of part-time members, depending on the need
from time to time
 Full Planning Commission had no provision for part-time
members
Participation
Consulting states while making policy and deciding on funds
allocation. Final policy would be a result of that.
Policy was formed by the commission and states were then
consulted about allocation of funds.

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